The main aim of having a septic system is to take care of waste water in residential places. Septic systems are designed to collect and treat waste water from properties that aren’t connected to a main sewer hence they are most ideal for rural areas since in such areas the houses are spaced wider apart hence not connected to a main sewer. This waste water is from the domestic activities such as bathroom water, kitchen waste water, and laundry among other domestic activities. A basic septic system is generally made up of a septic tank which is installed underground and a drainage system.
This system of waste water treatment involves utilization of natural means to treat the water that’s is anaerobic processes which decomposes the waste disposed into the tank. Septic tanks are normally comprised of two chambers and a drainage field. The waste water is introduced to the septic system by the inlet pipe into the first chamber of the septic tank and with time it’s able to separate such that the solid matter settles to the bottom of the tank and the oils and grease form a scum layer at the top whereas the somehow ear water is at the middle. After this separation has occurred where the solid matter settles at the bottom, and the scum at the top while the clearer waste water at the middle, this clearer waste water is allowed through a pipe into the second chamber and later it is allowed out through the outlet pipe into the drain field.
A series of pipes which are normally perforated release the liquid into the soil or the other specially designed systems if they are available. It’s after the removal of the clearer waste water from the first chamber into the second chamber that the solid matter and the scum which typically consists of the oily and greasy matter are broken down by the naturally occurring bacteria in the septic system. Periodically you will have to call upon call upon the help of the septic system professionals who will view your system and also remove the matter that is left after the decomposition of the solid matter and the scum layer since done matter might not be decomposed by the naturally occurring bacteria in the septic system.
One top tip for maintaining a septic system is avoiding flushing certain items in the toilet as they can with time block the pipes of the septic system which compromises it’s effectiveness. These items which you should avoid flushing in your toilet as they could lead to blocking of your septic system pipes include sanitary towels by ladies, baby nappies, medicines, cleaning wipes and baby wipes too and any other materials which could build up to block the pipes of the septic system.